Newsletter of the North American Chinese Sociologists' Association

Winter 1997

Officers of NACSA

President: Dudley Poston

Past President: Elena Yu

Secretary-Treasurer: Alvin Y. So

Board of Directors:

Lucie Cheng

Deborah Davis

Chefu Lee

Nan Lin

William Liu

Yungmei Tsai

Area Coordinators:

Michael Mau-Kuei Chang (Taiwan)

Stephen Chiu (Hong Kong)

Yiu-chung Ko (Singapore)

Ma Rong (China)


The Annual Meeting at New York

Our Annual Meeting took place on August 17 (Saturday) at the ASA convention in New York. Following the good old Chinese tradition, we ate first before the meeting. We had a wonderful dinner at a modest price in a Chinatown restaurant, thanks to the superb arrangements by Betty Sung and Nan Lin.

About thirty members attended the meeting: Yanjie Bian, Chih-jou Chen, Ling Chen, Kevin Chen, Zeng-yin Chen, Esther N.L. Chow, Pi-Ling Fan, Sean-Shong Hwang, BoBai Li, Zai Liang, Nan Lin, Qian Liu, Xiaoru Liu, Dudley Poston, Victor Shaw, Jing Shi, Alvin Y. So, Liya Wang, Siu-Lun Wong, Chyi-in Wu, Wu Xu, Fenggang Yang, Philip Q. Yang, Dingxin Zhao, Changcheng Zhou, Min Zhou, Xueguang Zhou, Yang Zu.

Dudley Poston opened the meeting by introducing the guests from China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. The topics discussed in the meeting included membership dues, the election of Board of Directors, a mini-conference in 1997, and the setting up of area coordinators (please see the following sections).


Qian Liu from China, Siu-Lun Wong from Hong Kong, and Chyi-in Wu from Taiwan then gave brief presentations on the development of sociology in the three Chinese societies. Nan Lin also talked about the Ford Foundation grants and workshops. The meeting was adjourned at around 10.30 p.m.


A Thank-You Note to Outgoing Board Members,

Lucie Cheng & Chefu Lee

From Dudley Poston, the President of NACSA: "On behalf on the NACSA, I want to thank you [Lucie Cheng and Chefu Lee] for your esteemed and highly regarded service on the NACSA Board. Your valued input and guidance have been most important to NACSA. We will always be grateful to you for your service as a Board member. Even though your tenure as a Board member is going to expire by the end of 1996, we hope we may call upon you in the future for direction, assistance and counsel."


NACSA Mini-Conference

Call for Papers

NACSA is pleased to call for papers for a mini conference on August 8 (Friday), 1997 [a day before the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting from August 9 to 13] in Toronto.

The conference is titled "The Chinese Triangle of Mainland-Taiwan-Hong Kong: Comparative and Interactionist Analyses."

The Chinese triangle of mainland-Hong Kong-Taiwan constitutes one of the world economy's most dynamic regions. However, mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong are by no means isolated entities. Strong kinship ties link these three territories, and they share common historical, cultural, and linguistic heritages. Since the late 1970s, there has been an escalation of the mainland-Taiwan-Hong Kong integration process in the economic sphere. Many studies of Chinese national integration, however, have examined short-term episodes that make headlines rather than delineate the fundamental, long-term institutional transformations. In addition, the literature concentrates exclusively on either political topics such as Beijing-Taipei conflicts and Beijing-London disputes or economic topics such as types of investment. Rarely has the literature highlighted the important role of social institutions and societal interactions in the shaping of the integrative process in the Chinese triangle.

To fill this gap in the literature, the mini-conference has two themes: (1) Comparative Institutional Analysis: Individual papers, and especially panels, which study the institutions (such as the family, stratification, education, gender, demography, network, health care, welfare, industry, and community) in one or more Chinese societies are invited for submission.

(2) Societal Interactionist Analysis: Individual papers, and especially panels, which analyze the formation, the political, economical, or cultural interactions of the Chinese triangle, and the impact of the Chinese triangle on Hong Kong, Taiwan, Guangdong, Fujian, or mainland China in general are invited for submission.

Please submit a detailed paper abstract (2-3 pages) and complete the submission form at the end of this newsletter if you are interested. The deadline for receiving your abstract is March 31, 1997. The conference committee (Nan Lin, Dudley Poston, and Alvin So) will notify you of the status of your submission by April 30, 1997.

The registration fee for the mini-conference is set at US$ 10 (for non-NACSA members) and US$ 5 (for NACSA members). Registration fee is required for all presenters in the mini-conference.

Since the participants of the mini-conference are generally planning to attend the ASA meeting in Toronto, the NACSA would not provide participants with travel funding or lodging expenses. However, the NACSA is submitting a proposal to the Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation to cover such conference expenses as conference rooms/equipment rentals, tea and coffee, and snacks and sandwiches.

The mini-conference will provide an excellent opportunity for our members and their colleagues from US, mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong to share their research results, to compare their institutional analyses, and to examine the reciprocal interactions in the three Chinese territories. It is hoped that we will be able to select some high quality conference papers into a book, so the conference findings will reach a wider audience. Since the topic on the Chinese triangle is timely, publishers should be interested in our conference volume.

Please refer to the ASA brochure on Call for Papers for the Toronto Conference for more information on housing, airfare, and local transportation.



Jeffrey Chin [Dept of Sociology & Anthropology, Le Moyne College, Syracuse, NY 13214. 315-445-4480.]

has been appointed editor of Teaching Sociology, an official ASA journal. He is the chair of his department. His work has appeared in journals such as Simulation and Gaming, Experiential and Education, International Journal of Sociology, & Social Policy. He also edited the ASA's Teaching Resource Center's manual Teaching Undergraduate Social Psychology. While an undergraduate, he studied at Chung Chi College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.


Esther Ngan-ling Chow [Dept. of Sociology, American University, Washington D.C. 20016. 202-885-2474.] received an "Outstanding Scholarship Award in Social and Behavior Sciences" from the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1995 and became a fellow of the Academy. She was the recipient of the Fund for Advancement of the Discipline given by the ASA and the National Science Foundation. She has also received several research grants from the Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation in the U.S., the National Science Council in Taiwan, and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University Council.


Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao [Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. 886-2-789-9319.] was appointed National Policy Advisor to the President of ROC. From time to time, he provides relevant policy advice to the President. He is also the director of the newly established Program for Southeast Asia Area Studies (PROSEA) in the Academia Sinica. The comparative study of East Asia Middle Classes project under his directorship has resulted in three books: The Discovery of the Middle Classes in East Asia (1993), The East Asian Middle Classes in Comparative Perspective (1997), and one more book under preparation. He recently started a new project on Southeast Asian Middle Classes. Surveys on middle classes are now undertaken in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand; and an international conference will be held to discuss the survey results in June 1997.


Nan Lin [Dept. of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706. 919-660-5753. nanlin@soc.duke.ed] has been nominated by ASA to run for the Vice-President-Elect of the American Sociological Association, to be held in the spring of 1997.


Hon-Yei Yu [Dept. of Sociology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. 02-363-0231, ext.3538.] has received tenure and become full professor at NTU. The second edition of her book entitled Child Maltreatment -- Critical Examination of Superficial Phenomena and Deeper Issues (Gueliu Publisher) came out in early 1996. She also received a grant from the National Science Council to conduct a research project on "Child Protection Model: CPS Workers' Decision Making and Out-of-Home Placement" from Aug. 1996 to July 1997.


A Conference on Survey Research in Wuhan

The Second National Conference of Survey Research was held at Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST) in Wuhan from November 9 to 13, 1996. The conference was organized by the sociology department and survey research center of HUST as well as by the Chinese Association of Survey Research. More than forty delegates from eleven provinces attended the conference. The topics discussed at the conference included: the concept and methodology of survey research, quantitative and qualitative analyses in survey research, data quality control, questionnaire design and sampling, and survey methods and policy making. For more details, please contact Xiaotian Feng at Dept. of Sociology, HUST, Wuhan, Hubei 40074, China. 27-754-3152.


A Conference on Frontiers at Tunghai

The department of sociology at Tunghai University and the Taiwanese Sociological Association jointly held a conference entitled "Contested Frontier: A Sociological Symposium" during November 9-10, 1996. More than two hundred scholars and graduate students participated in the conference. Thirteen papers were presented, covering such topics as theory, methodology, culture and identity, political economy, gender and sexuality. There were heated discussions and debates in each session. The President of Tunghai University attended the opening ceremony and two sessions. The conference planning committee included Yuan-horng Chu, Jinlin L. Hwang, and Ruey-ming Tsay at Tunghai University.



A Conference on Chinese Gender & Work

The conference, titled "Gender, Households and the Boundaries of Work in China" organized by Barbara Entwisle and Gail Henderson, took place in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, October 25-27, 1996. The participants included top China scholars from the disciplines of sociology, anthropology, and history. The conference was supported by grants from Social Science Research Council, Henry Luce Foundation, Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation, etc. Conference papers included: Li Ying, Yang Mingliang, and Zhai Fengying (and others) on the meaning of work in Hubei; Yanjie Bian and Xiaoling Shu (and John Logan) on gender wage gap; Zai Liang (and others) on migration and female labor force in Hubei; Xiushi Yang on gender and work in Zhejiang; Li Zhang on gender and floating population; Deborah Davis on reconfiguring urban households; Fengying Zhai (and others) on women's work roles and child nutrition; Zhai Fengying and Ma Linmao (and others) on household economies in transitional times; and William Parish (and Ethan Michelson) on gender differences in economic success.


Taiwanese Sociological Association

The Annual Meeting of the Taiwanese Sociological Association (TSA) will be held on January 11, 1997. Three new session are added besides the regular sessions: (1) a roundtable on important social issues ranging from religion (restoration and secularization), political economy (public officials and organized crimes), and gender (domestic violence); (2) a roundtable on the ethics of peer review in Taiwan; and (3) a couple of parallel sessions for members to report their latest research findings. Beginning next year, the TSA's annual membership fees will be raised to NT$1,000, but graduate students pay only NT$500. For more details, please contact Chin-fen Chang, Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Notes on Folks

Stephen W.K. Chiu's [Dept. of Sociology, The Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin. Hong Kong. 952-2609-7008.] recent publications include: The politics of laissez-faire in the industrial takeoff of Hong Kong Political Power and Social Theory (v.10, 1996), developments in industrial relations in Hong Kong since 1968 (with David Levin) Industrial Relations Journal (v.27, 1996). He and Tai-Lok Lui are editing a book on Hong Kong's social movement (M.E. Sharpe, 1997). He also completed (with Tak-wing Chan and Kwok-fai Ting) a survey of work history and life history (housing, education, and family) of 1,700 residents in Hong Kong. In addition, he is the co-principal investigator (with David Levin) of a US$ 93,00 grant from the Hong Kong Research Grants Council on a study of trade union movement in Hong Kong.


Xiaotian Feng [Dept. of Sociology, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, P.R.C. 027-754-3152.] completed two research projects: "The citizen's life quality in Wuhan: A survey of 1,000 families in Wuhan" and "The technician's willingness to relocate: A survey of 1,000 technicians in Shengzheng city." He also taught a graduate seminar on Social Research Methods. His book entitled Survey Research Methods has just been published by Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press in October 1996.


K.C. Ho [Dept. of Sociology, National Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore. 65-772-3827] is senior lecturer at NUS. His recently co-authored a book and an article with Stephen Chiu and Tai-Lok Lui: City States in the Global Economy: Industrial Restructuring in Hong Kong and Singapore (Westview, 1996) and "A Tale of Two Cities Rekindled: Hong Kong and Singapore's Divergent Paths to Industrialism" Journal of Developing Societies (v.11,1995). In addition, he published "Industrial Restructuring the Singapore City-State, and the Regional Division of Labour" Environment and Planning A (v.26,1994). He is presently involved in two multi-country projects in examining producer services and the competitiveness of cities in the Asia-Pacific.


Gina Lai [Dept. of Sociology, National Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore. 65-772-3826.] recently joined the Department of Sociology at NUS. She presented a paper to a seminar on China's economic reform and social development (which was jointly organized by Hong Kong Baptist University and Qinghua University) in June 1996 and another paper to the Taipei Health Conference in December 1996. Her recent publications include: "Cultural, Social, and Environmental Factors in Stress Work and Family Roles and Psychological Well-Being in Urban China" Journal of Health and Social Behavior (v.36,1995), "Urban Stress in China" (with Nan Lin) Social Science & Medicine (v.41,1995), "Stress in the Life Course: A Life History Approach" (with Nan Lin and others) Journal of Aging and Health (v. 8, 1996).


Qiang Li [Dept. of Sociology, People's University of China, Beijing, China.] is professor and chair of the department. His research projects include: China's urban migrants (including urban peasants); and the poverty problems in urban China (also studied the displaced, unemployed workers from state enterprises). His recent publications include: Poverty Study in China, co-authored (The People's Publishing House of Yunnan, 1996); "Two Stages of the Development of Market Economy in China" Sociological Research (v.66,1996); "A Discussion of Income Gap and Poverty Level in China" Expanding Horizons (v.77,1996); "Modernization and Structural Changes of Social Stratification in China" Teaching and Research (v.215,1996).


Zai Liang [Dept. of Sociology, Queens College/CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367. 718-997-2835.] has recently published "Social Contact, Social Capital, and the Naturalization Process" Social Science Research (v.23, 1994). He also co-authored "Internal Migration in China: 1950-1988" Demography (v.33, 1996) and "Market Transition, Government Policies, and Interprovincial Migration in China" Economic Development and Cultural Change (Jan. 1997).



Danching Ruan [School of Social Ecology, Univ. of California, Irvine, CA 92717. 714-824-3002.] and Linton Freeman have received a University of California Pacific Rim Research Planning grant to prepare for a study comparing interpersonal relationships in four Chinese societies: Hong Kong, Mainland China, Singapore, and Taiwan. Scholars from these four places will participate in this collaborative project.


Victor N. Shaw [3172 S. Barrington Ave. E#, Los Angeles, CA 90066. 310-391-3480.] has recently published Social Control in China: A Study of Chinese Work Units (Greenwood, 1996). Gary Marx of Univ. of Colorado comments that the book is "A comprehensive and richly informed study of the basic organizational unit of Chinese society. The book offers both description and prescription and should be of interest to anyone concerned with social control and contemporary China." Shaw's recent publications include: "Mainland China's Political Development: Is the CCP's Version of Democracy Relevant?" Issues and Studies (v.32,#7, 1996).


Hong-Chin Tsai [Dept. of Agricultural Extension, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. 02-363-0231, ext.3095] is Director of Agricultural Exhibition Hall of National Taiwan University. He received several research grants from National Science Council and Council of Agriculture. The second edition of his book Principle of Community (Shan-Ming publisher) came out this year. In the first half of 1996, he presented a paper on Taiwan's local community program in Seoul in May, a paper on land and migration policies in urbanization in Beijing in June, and a paper on Taiwan's industrial differentiation among rural communities in Romania in July.


Area Coordinators

At the annual meeting in New York, we decided to establish a new position called "Area Coordinators" to recognize the significant contribution of those colleagues who helped us to distribute our newsletter to our members outside the United States: Michael Mau-Kuei Chang [The Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan], Stephen Chiu [The Chinese University of Hong Kong], Yiu-Chung Ko [The National University of Singapore], and Ma Rong [Institute of Sociology & Anthropology, Peking University]. Their support greatly facilitated our effort to have a better communication network with our members!


Addresses/Phones Update

We are planning to compile a new NACSA directory and send it to the paid members in the spring of 1997. Please send your latest information [regarding your affiliations, addresses, phones, FAX, and e-mail numbers] to Alvin So.


New Members

If you know colleagues or graduate students interested in joining our organization, please forward a copy of this letter to them and ask them to complete the attached slip. We need your strong support in recruiting new members!


Membership Dues

NACSA depends on membership dues to run its activities. Paid members enjoy the following privileges: (1) receive a directory of NACSA every two years, (2) eligible for voting for Board of Directors, and (3) pay a lower registration fee for the mini conference.

There are three categories of membership dues: (1) Regular member pays US$ 20 per year; (2) Graduate student member pays US$ 5 per year, but this category is ineligible for voting; and (3) You can pay a lump sum of US$ 200 to be a life member and save the trouble of sending in membership dues every year!

Membership dues can be sent to Alvin Y. So, Department of Sociology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822. U.S.A. Please write a check payable to "NACSA".


Election for Board of Directors

We have two vacancies for the Board of Directors. The following members have kindly agreed to run as candidates for the election to the Board.


Xiangming Chen [Dept. of Sociology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607. 312-996-5391.] is Associate Professor of sociology at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He has recently published "The Demographic Profiles of the World's Largest Cities" in Cities (v. 13, 1996), "Taiwan Investments in China and Southeast Asia" in Asian Survey (v.36, 1996), and "The Evolution of Free Economic Zones and the Recent Development of Cross-National Growth Zones" in International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (v.19, 1995). He once served on the faculty advisory committee for the China Statistics Archive at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and will soon begin serving on the China Committee for the Sister City International program of the City of Chicago. If elected to the Board of Directors of NACSA, "he will work hard to strengthen and broaden its ties with sociologists of both Chinese and non-Chinese descent at various professional associations and universities in Asia through promoting academic exchanges and cooperative research."


Esther Ngan-ling Chow [Department of Sociology, American University, Washington D.C. 20016. 202-885-2474.] is a Professor of Sociology at the American University in Washington D.C. Her research interests span gender, work, and family, race and immigration, development/social change, industrial sociology, organizational studies, feminist theories and methodology, and state theories and policy. She has actively served on many committees in the ASA, the Eastern Sociological Society, the D.C. Sociological Society, and the Sociologists for Women in Society. Her recent books include: Women, Family, and Policy: A Global Perspective (SUNY, 1994); and Race, Class, and Gender: Common Bonds, Different Voices (Sage, 1996). If elected, "she will work toward organizational building, networking, and scholarship development of NACSA."


Wu Xu [1446 E 6710 South, Salt Lake, Utah 84121. 801-942-8209.] is Program Manager at Utah Department of Health. She is also an adjunct professor of Sociology at the University of Utah. Her recent publications include: Feminism and Women's Health in the US (Beijing: Sanlian Publisher, 1995); (co-editor) Women's Health in Utah (Utah Dept. of Health, 1996); and "Gender and Race Effects on

Occupational Prestige, Segregation, and Earnings" in Race, Class, and Gender, edited by Esther N.L. Chow et al. (Sage, 1996, reprinted from Gender and Society). She is the grant coordinator of The Chinese Society for Women's Studies, Inc. and an elected Board Member of Utah Public Health Association. If elected, she will "serve as a facilitator to strengthen the connections among sociologists in China and the U.S., and to promote research cooperations between sociologists and women's studies scholars in China."


Xueguang Zhou [Dept. of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708. 919-660-5614.] is associate professor of sociology at Duke University. He works with Phyllis Moen and Nancy Tuma on a NSF-funded research project to study the historical evolution of stratification processes in urban China, 1949-1994. His recent publications included: (co-authored) "Stratification Dynamics Under State Socialism" Social Forces (1996) and "Decision Making and Rule Following" in Organizational Decision Making, edited by Zur Shapiro (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996). He is the Chair of the Graduate Program of Sociology and a member of the Grant and Award Committee, Asian and Pacific Studies Institute at Duke. "If elected, I am happy to serve on NACSA's board of directors to assist the effort to establish a strong intellectual community among Chinese American sociologists. I have benefitted from the activities organized by NACSA and I hope to help continue such activities.


Board of Directors Election Ballot

Please check Two of the following candidates:

Xiangming Chen ________

Esther N.L. Chow ________

Wu Xu ________

Xueguang Zhou ________

To maintain confidentiality, put this ballot in a small envelope. Then put your small envelop in a larger envelop. Please print and sign your name in the larger envelop. [Only life members and those who paid full membership dues (US$ 20) for 1996-97 is eligible for voting]

Send your envelopes to Alvin Y. So, Department of Sociology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822; Phones: 808-956-7950 (voice mail), 808-956-3707 (FAX); e-mail:

Deadline for receiving your ballot: February 28, 1997.

The Chinese Triangle of Mainland-Taiwan-Hong Kong: Comparative and Interactionist Analyses

NACSA Mini-Conference, Toronto, August 8. Submission Form


Please send this form and detailed paper abstracts (2-3 pages) for each presenter to Alvin Y. So, Department of Sociology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, U.S.A. Phones: 808-956-7950 (voice mail), 808-956-3707 (FAX); e-mail: Deadline for submission: March 31, 1997. Feel free to use additional page if necessary.



Individual Paper Submission

Paper Title:

Please supply name, address, phones, e-mail for all authors:

First Author

Name: Address:

Phone: FAX: E-mail

Second Author

Name: Address:

Phone: FAX: E-mail


Panel Submission

Panel which deals with comparative institutions (e.g., a panel on gender in mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong) or societal interactions (e.g., a panel on Taiwan-Fujian) is especially welcome.

Panel Title:

Please supply paper titles, names, addresses, phones, e-mails for all the participants in your panel.

Panel Organizer/Chair

Name: Address:

Phone: FAX: E-mail

Paper Presenter



Update for NACSA Directory


Please send your update to: Alvin Y. So, Department of Sociology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822; Phones: 808-956-7950 (voice mail), 808-956-3707 (FAX); e-mail:

Name: _______________ (last), ________________ (first and middle) ___________________ (in Chinese)


Phones: (voice mail):





Notes on Folks


Please send any recent information which may be of interest to fellow NACSA members to:

Alvin Y. So, Department of Sociology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822; Phones: 808-956-7950 (voice mail), 808-956-3707 (FAX); e-mail:

Feel free to use additional sheet if necessary.


Name: _______________ (last), ________________ (first and middle) ___________________ (in Chinese)


Phones: (voice mail):



Presentations and

Conference Organization:






Grants, Scholarships, Awards:



Other Professional Activities

(tenure/promotion, relocation, administrative)


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